Kibbutz Harduf, in the Lower Galilee, was established in 1982 by a group of young families inspired by Anthroposophy, the spiritual philosophy of Dr. Rudolf Steiner.
As part its unique ideology, Harduf has initiated numerous projects over the years in education, special education, mental health, welfare and organic agriculture. These include among others the first Waldorf School in Israel and Harduf Organic Food Products Ltd. – Israel's largest producer and marketing firm of organic agricultural products.
There are currently about 650 people living in Harduf, of which 170 are children, youth and adults who require special support. These members, residents of the four rehabilitative frameworks within the kibbutz (two of which are Beit Elisha and the Tuvia Community) make up 25% of the kibbutz population and are fully integrated into the kibbutz life.
Harduf also hosts a wide range of professional training programs related to the Anthroposophic philosophy. About 150 adult students receive their training in the Waldorf Education Teachers' Training Program, the Social Therapy and Curative Education Training Program and in specialized courses in drama, art therapy, biographical work and more.
The members of Kibbutz Harduf maintain good relations with the local population of the region and operate many joint Jewish-Arab projects.